Skin Types

Skin types are determined by our genetics and ethnicity.


An individual's skin type is based primarily on how much oil is produced in the follicles from the sebaceous glands and on the amount of lipids found between the cells. The T-zone is the center of the face, corresponding to the "T" shape formed by the forehead, nose, and chin.

How large the pores are in the T-zone and throughout the face can help determine the skin type. Generally, an individual's skin becomes drier over time. Our cellular metabolism and oil/lipid production slow down as we age.

Skin types include:






Image by Chermiti Mohamed
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Dry Skin Type

Dry skin is alipidic; meaning it does not produce enough oil.  The pores are usually small and the sebum production is very minimal.

Our natural oil secretions in our follicles help protect us from environmental damage and aging.  Because it lacks this normal protection, dry skin needs extra moisture and care.

Dry skin is more sensitive because the acid mantle and barrier function are not as healthy due to the lack of lipids.

Characteristics /

Dry skin types experience tightness, flaking, itchiness, dullness, more visible lines, & cracking

Does not produce enough oil

Cold weather & harsh conditions may make symptoms worse

Small pore size

Treatments for Dry Skin

Any treatment and/or product that supplements the skin with moisture is key!

Recommended Facials /

The Rose Botnia Facial $115

The Wildflower HydraFacial $159

Gua Sha Fusion $155

Chemical Peel Series for Dry Skin $100+

Recommended Products /

Cosmedix Rescue Intense Hydrating Balm & Mask $59

Laurel Recovery Balm $72

Botnia Wisdom Oil $72

Normal Skin Type

Normal skin has a good oil-water balance.  It can fluctuate and sometimes will be a little drier or a little oilier.

The follicles are a normal size, and the skin is usually free of blemishes.  If the follicle size is smaller to medium just on the edge of the T-zone by the nose, measuring outward from the center of the face, this is typically considered a normal skin type. Follicles are not usually that visible toward the cheeks or the outside of the face.

Characteristics /

Normal skin types are hydrated, tend to be clear, and even-toned

Soft, smooth texture

May fluctuate; may be a little drier or oilier sometimes

Can tolerate exfoliation and more aggressive skincare ingredients

Treatments for Normal Skin

Maintenance and preventative care are the goals for normal skin types.

Recommended Facials /

The Refresh Facial $115

Hydrafacial MD $159

Gua Sha Fusion $149

Red LED Therapy Facial $149

Recommended Products /

Suntegrity Tinted SPF $45

Laurel Antioxidant Serum $108

Botnia Renewing Face Wash $37

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Combination Skin Type

Combination skin can be oily and dry, or both oily and normal at the same time.

The T-zone through the middle of the face of the forehead, nose, and chin is oilier.

This area has more sebaceous glands and larger pores.

The outer areas of the face can be either normal or dry and can even appear flaky from either dehydration or buildup of dead skin cells.

If you can see the follicle size is more obvious and looks medium to larger outside the T-zone on the cheeks, this is an indication of a combo skin type.

Characteristics /

Combination skin is dry in some areas and oily in others

Oily skin is often seen in the T-zone

Treatments for Combo Skin

Combination skin types need to balanced by treating both the oily and dryer areas of the face.

Recommended Facials /

The Kale Smoothie Botnia Facial $115

Hydrafacial MD $159

Ultrasonic Therapy $99

Recommended Products /

Laurel Balance Serum $80

Botnia Balancing Oil Cleanser $24

Cosmedix Detox Activated Charcoal Mask $30

Oily Skin Type

Oily skin is characterized by excess sebum (oil) production, also known as lipidic skin.

The follicle size is larger and contains more oil. If the follicle size is visible or larger over most of the face, this indicates an oily skin type.

Oily skin types require more cleansing and exfoliating than other skin types. It is prone to blemishes because the pores get clogged with oil and a buildup of dead skin cells.  This excess oil and buildup on the surface can make the skin appear thicker and sallow.

Blemishes and comedones are common.

Balancing the skin's oil production through treatments and products is important. Over-cleansing can make matters worse by stripping the skin's acid mantle and irritating it. If skin is stripped of oil, it is unbalanced.

This causes the body's protection mechanism to produce additional oil to compensate for the dryness on the surface. No matter what the skin type, the goal is to balance the barrier function.

Characteristics /

Oily skin is caused by overactive oil glands

A shiny appearance, enlarged pores, and acne are primary concerns

Treatments for Oily Skin

Oily skin is more prone to acne, so people with this skin type need professional treatments more often than those with normal skin types.  After a deep-cleansing facial and a good home-care routine, visible improvements are noticeable.

Recommended Facials /

The Kale Smoothie Botnia Facial $115

Hydrafacial MD / $159

Blue LED Light Therapy $149

Ultrasonic Therapy $99

Chemical Peel Series for Oily Skin $100

Recommended Products /

Botnia Clarity Oil $62

Cosmedix Purity Clean Exfoliating Cleanser $39

Laurel Balance Serum $80

Living Libations Zippity Dew Dab $30

Cosmedix Purity Detox Scrub $48

Laurel Blemish Treatment $68

Botnia Daily Face Cream $55

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Sensitive Skin Type

Sensitive skin types are increasingly common now a days. We are constantly bombarded by environmental stimuli, stress, sun exposure, and other unhealthy elements.

Sensitive skin is technically a condition, but it is also genetically predisposed. It is characterized by fragile, thin skin, and redness.  It flushes easily and may appear red due to the blood flow being closer to the surface.

This skin type is easily irritated by products and by exposure to heat or sun. Telangiectasia, or couperose skin conditions, which appear as red, distended capillaries, are noticeable on sensitive skin.

Rosacea and vascular conditions are more common with this type of skin. Sometimes these conditions may be a protective visible reaction to let us know something is irritating our skin such as a food intolerance, certain medications, or an unhappy gut.

Characteristics / 

Sensitive skin reacts to product or environment with redness and itching

Often experienced from birth


Couperose conditions are common with sensitive skin types

Treatments for Sensitive Skin

Sensitive skin can be difficult to treat because of its low tolerance to products and stimulation. Strong & irritated products should be avoided and replaced with anti-inflammatory ingredients that help soothe the symptoms.

Recommended Treatments /

The Oatmeal Botnia Facial $115

Delicate Rose Laurel Facial $125

Red LED Light Therapy $139

Peel Series for Redness $100

Recommended Products /

Laurel Unburden Serum $88

Botnia Clarity Oil $62

Laurel Essential Lipids $68

Laurel Recovery Balm $72

Botnia Rose Water Toner $36

Botnia Gentle Cleanser $42

Cosmedix CPR Serum $52